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Security Leftovers

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  • Security updates for Tuesday [LWN.net]

    Security updates have been issued by CentOS (java-11-openjdk), Debian (aide, apr, ipython, openjdk-11, qt4-x11, and strongswan), Fedora (binaryen and rust), Mageia (expat, htmldoc, libreswan, mysql-connector-c++, phpmyadmin, python-celery, python-numpy, and webkit2), openSUSE (kernel and virtualbox), Red Hat (etcd, libreswan, nodejs:14, OpenJDK 11.0.14, OpenJDK 17.0.2, and rpm), Slackware (expat), SUSE (java-1_7_1-ibm, kernel, and zxing-cpp), and Ubuntu (strongswan).

  • Linux kernel bug can let hackers escape Kubernetes containers [Ed: Kubernetes and containers do not mean Linux kernel, but when a site is determined to boost Microsoft everything will always be blamed on "Linux"]

    A vulnerability affecting Linux kernel and tracked as CVE-2022-0185 can be used to escape containers in Kubernetes, giving access to resources on the host system.

  • Major Linux PolicyKit security vulnerability uncovered: Pwnkit | ZDNet

    If it's not one thing, it's another. After one real Linux problem -- the heap overflow bug in the Linux kernel's fs/fs_context.c program -- is found and fixed, then a new security problem is discovered. This time security company Qualys has uncovered a truly dangerous memory corruption vulnerability in polkit's pkexec, CVE-2021-4034.

    Polkit, formerly known as PolicyKit, is a systemd SUID-root program. It's installed by default in every major Linux distribution.

Systemd security

  • A new Polkit vulnerability

    Qualys has announced the disclosure of a local-root vulnerability in Polkit. They are calling it "PwnKit" and have even provided a proof-of-concept video.

Microsoft boosters are calling systemd "Linux"

"Linux" vuln

Two more

A Polkit Vulnerability Gives Root on All Major Linux Distros

  • A Polkit Vulnerability Gives Root on All Major Linux Distros

    A 12-year-old security vulnerability has been disclosed in the Linux’s system utility Polkit that grants attackers root privileges.

    Previously called PolicyKit, Polkit manages system-wide privileges in Linux. It provides a mechanism for nonprivileged processes to safely interact with privileged processes and it’s installed by default in every major Linux distribution.

    Yesterday, researchers from Qualys published an advisory about a local privilege escalation vulnerability in the pkexec tool, that is installed as part of the Polkit. The pkexec tool, which is a command line tool, is used to define which authorized user can execute a program as another user.

Dan Goodin

Bryan Cockfield

  • Major Bug Grants Root For All Major Linux Distributions | Hackaday

    One of the major reasons behind choosing Linux as an operating system is that it’s much more secure than Windows. There are plenty of reasons for this including appropriate user permissions, installing software from trusted sources and, of course, the fact that most software for Linux including the Linux kernel itself is open source which allows anyone to review the code for vulnerabilities. This doesn’t mean that Linux is perfectly secure though, as researchers recently found a major bug found in most major Linux distributions that allows anyone to run code as the root user.

Duo

SiliconANGLE

SoylentNews

Easily Exploitable Linux Flaw Exposes All Distributions: Qualys

  • Easily Exploitable Linux Flaw Exposes All Distributions: Qualys | eSecurityPlanet

    An easily exploited flaw in a program found in every major Linux distribution is the latest serious security issue that has arisen in the open-source space in recent weeks.

    Researchers at cybersecurity vendor Qualys this week disclosed the memory corruption vulnerability in polkit’s pkexec, which if exploited by a bad actor can enable an unprivileged user to gain full root privileges on a system, giving the unprivileged user administrative rights.

    The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2021-4034, has “been hiding in plain sight” for more than 12 years and infects all versions of polkit’s pkexec since it was first developed in 2009, Bharat Jogi, director of vulnerability and threat research at Qualys, wrote in a blog post.

    Polkit’s (formerly PolicyKit) pkexec is a component used to control system-wide privileges in Unix-like operating systems, enabling non-privileged processes to communicate with privileged processes in an organized fashion. It also can be used to execute commands with elevated privileges using the command pkexec followed by the command intended to be executed with root permission.

Lawrence Abrams, a Microsoft booster, framing a VMware...

  • Linux version of LockBit ransomware targets VMware ESXi servers
    [Ed: Lawrence Abrams, a Microsoft booster, framing a VMware issue as "Linux"]

    LockBit is the latest ransomware gang whose Linux encryptor has been discovered to be focusing on the encryption of VMware ESXi virtual machines.

    [...]

    While ESXi is not strictly Linux, it does share many of its characteristics, including the ability to run ELF64 Linux executables.

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More in Tux Machines

today's howtos

  • How to Connect Wi-Fi using Nmcli in Linux

    Why use the Network-command-line Manager’s interface? Sometimes Ubuntu Network Manager behaves strangely, and you may be unable to connect to any Wi-Fi Hotspot using the GUI (Graphical user interface). The Network Manager may fail to start, and even after manually restarting the service through the terminal, you may still have difficulties connecting to any Wi-Fi Hotspot, even a previously recognized and stored home network. I encountered same problem on dual boot configurations and standalone Linux installs, and it was quite inconvenient, particularly during the WFH (Work from home) phase that we’re all going through.

  • How to Add Comments to UFW Rules

    In an earlier article we discussed how to add comments to iptables rules for clarity and documentation. In our opinion it is a good practice to comment anything someone else may have to work on in the future. Using comments in scripting is a common practice for good reason. We decided to write a quick tip on how to add a comment to UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) rules. I am not a huge fan of UFW or Firewalld. In my opinion they make managing netfilter harder, not easier. That is because I started using iptables over 20 years ago. I am very comfortable with it and tend to know the necessary syntax off the top of my head. That being said, adding a comment to UFW rules is much more intuitive than any other iptables front end.

  • How to Install Drupal 9 on Ubuntu 22.04 - LinuxTuto

    Drupal is an open-source and popular content management tool that is the foundation of many websites across the internet. It has great standard features, like easy content authoring, reliable performance, and excellent security. Flexibility and modularity are some of the core principles that set it apart from the rest. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Drupal 9 on your Ubuntu 22.04 OS.

  • How to migrate from Blogger to WordPress

    Blogger.com, as its name suggest is a blog service. Is very popular and it’s owned by google. You may want to take full control of your blog by setting up a WordPress on your server. But you still need your content: in this entry I’ll show you how to migrate from blogger to wordpress. I’m assuming you already have a brand new WordPress installation. If not, here on unixcop.com we have several articles about wordpress.

  • How to install Inkscape 1.2 on a Chromebook

    Today we are looking at how to install Inkscape 1.2 on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

  • What is AWS CloudTrail and how to use it

The 10 Best Linux Apps for Musicians

If you're a musician of any kind, from beginner to professional, Linux provides an amazing assortment of free, yet powerful, platforms and applications that will boost your productivity and help you to show off your creativity. Don't let the fact that these apps are free wrongly influence your judgment. They are high-quality, professional-grade applications that rival even the most well-known, high-priced, commercial applications. These are 10 of the best Linux apps for musicians of all levels. Read more

GNOME and KDE: This Week in GNOME, Qt6 and KF6

  • #44 Five Across · This Week in GNOME

    Update on what happened across the GNOME project in the week from May 13 to May 20.

  • Okteta making a small step to Qt6 | Attracted by virtual constructs

    Old, but stable, even more in when it comes to the feature set, and still getting its polishing now and then: your simple editor for the raw data of files, named Okteta. What started in 2003 as a hex editing widget library for KDE3 (and Qt3), of course named KHexEdit (to be confused with the unrelated hex editor program that was part of KDE at that time), it turned into a first dedicated application by the title Okteta during the years 2006 to 2008 for KDE4 (and Qt4). From there on a small set of features was added once in a while, most impressively Alexander Richardson’s Structures tool in 2010,. Until then in 2013 the port to Qt5/KF5 was done (also to a good degree by Alexander). After that things had settled, the program working properly when needed, otherwise just left in the corner of the storage. Now, nearly 2 decades after the first lines were written, the next port is to be done, to Qt6 and KF6. And this time the actual port is just amazingly boring: changing a few “Qt5” to “Qt6” in the buildsystem (and later some “KF5” to “KF6” once KF6 is ready), adding Qt6::Core5Compat as helper library for 1-2 classes that had not yet been substituted, adding a “const” to the argument of an overridden virtual method, adapting some “QStringList” forward declarations… and done.

The 5 best Application Launchers for Ubuntu

Every operating system comes with an application launcher where you have to mouse over the entire menu to launch an application. But, unlike other operating systems, Linux allows us to install other launchers as an alternative. In this post, We came up with the five best application launchers for Ubuntu and their installation process. Ubuntu has a default application launcher, i.e., GNOME Shell application overview. If you are a beginner or a tech professional, browsing the entire menu to launch an application is quite bothersome. Linux community offers a wide variety of application launchers. From a rich UX-based to a bare minimum, Linux has everything to offer. These application launchers offer many themes and come with a lot of customization. Choosing the right application launcher as per your need might be difficult. That’s why we came up with the five best application launchers. Here are the top 5 application launchers for your Ubuntu. Read more